A definition of hosting
As its name hints, web hosting is a service, which entails hosting web content. There are various varieties and kinds of web hosting, based on the goals and on the functions. Nonetheless, they all are associated with hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available throughout the Web. A host is in fact a hosting server that is connected to the Web and has its very own IP address, which permits users to have access to it through the World Wide Web. The web hosting server's configuration and its resources are determined by the type of web hosting service it will be used for.
What are the different forms of hosting?
Depending on the application, the hosting service may be:
File Web Hosting - this type of hosting enables the clients to stash their files on a specific web hosting server. With the common file hosting service, the files that are saved may only be accessed by the customer that's utilizing the service. This hosting service usually pertains to backups of personal computers , docs, private files and even other web servers. This solution may also involve given limitations in relation to the server space and the root-level access. There may also be web traffic quota limits, but that is dependent on the particular provider.
Warez Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting solution is comparable with the previous web hosting service type. However, in contrast with the file web hosting service, the warez hosting solution is used for disseminating proprietary work without being given the go-ahead by the licence possessor. To put it briefly - it refers to the illicit dissemination of files and documents. There are numerous methods for this to be fulfilled, but the two essential approaches are - through plain HTTP downloading and through peer-to-peer connections. The first method involves either some web site, or, most typically, just a directory on a web server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thus download licensed content free of cost. The second approach entails a peer-to-peer connection, utilizing the so-called Torrent servers, via which users share files between each other. There are a few web hosting firms that permit that type of web hosting on their web servers, mostly due to all the legal complications that it entails. Usually such sites are hosted on private dedicated hosting servers that are registered by third-party corporations either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Electronic Mail Web Hosting - this solution is relevant with both shared web space hosting and dedicated hosting servers, depending on the customer's intention. If you desire to set up your very own private SMTP email server, then you will need either a private virtual web hosting server or a dedicated hosting server that offers the access level needed to accomplish such an assignment. For customary email web hosting ends, though, you can open an average shared site hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a solution that's very famous, because the website hosting and the email hosting services are being served by two separate web servers, often owned by separate hosting providers.
Web Site Hosting - the most widespread and vastly used hosting service as of now. It's used for hosting web site files, whose type is determined by the OS the web server is using - Linux or Windows. Different kinds of files necessitate concrete hosting server OSs, or else they won't be exhibited correctly on the Internet. This type of hosting may contain data storage and web traffic quota limitations, root access and central processing unit usage limits.
Based on the aims and on the objectives, the customer should pick the sort of hosting server that he demands for his project, and, of course, the hosting company that's going to supply it. There are several types of servers, based on the specs and the web space hosting solutions that they offer. These are:
Shared Hosting Server - a shared site hosting server provides a smaller quantity of resources, which, of course, is reflected on the cost of the service. It can be used for hosting small size and medium sites, which do not require huge quantities of web storage and web traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers Hosting - they operate on the very same principle as the shared site hosting servers. Even so, there are much less users hosted on the same web server. For that reason, each of them will get a larger quota of the hosting server's resources like RAM, web space, bandwidth and CPU. Ideal for hosting big web portals that do not require full server root privileges.
VPS hosting - the private virtual servers are ideal for middle size web portals, which do demand root access to the web server's config files. Commonly, there are a bunch of VPS accounts sharing the same physical machine. Yet, each of them is autonomous from the other ones and has its own Operating System.
Dedicated Server - a completely dedicated server configured and accessed by you and solely you. It guarantees a gigantic quantity of system resources. It also gives full root access, which makes it the optimal environment for any kind of web page that needs a site hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which web space hosting vendor should I opt for?
As mentioned above, there are not many web hosts offering warez web hosting services due to judicial troubles. Such web hosting companies are being shut down almost every month. That is why, if you want to establish such a service, you should do it on your very own personal computer. The shared website hosting service is the most widespread type of web hosting service. Therefore, every site hosting distributor offers it. Not all of them, however, provide services such as private virtual web servers, semi-dedicated servers and dedicated web servers. Most of the small sized web site hosting providers do not have the means required for offering those services. Therefore it's always best to go with a bigger web hosting company that can provide its customers with all the services that they need. You can quickly recognize such web hosts by the types of solutions that they are offering and by the manner in which they introduce them to the customers. For example, certain hosting providers permit you to commence with a small sized hosting account and afterwards shift to a more powerful one, if you deem it necessary to do so. This is extremely convenient, because you do not need to transfer sites between hosting servers and there is no possibility of suffering outages due to all the complications that may arise. Hosting providers like New Wave Designs and Hosting provide all sorts of services and possess the adequate web server resources and personnel to guarantee that their clients will not chance upon any complications when swapping services, which is what a top hosting vendor is in fact all about.